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festival.c

// Modification for Xastir CVS purposes
//
// Portions Copyright (C) 2000-2004  The Xastir Group
//
// $Id: festival.c,v 1.13 2004/09/07 15:39:52 we7u Exp $
//
// End of modification



/*************************************************************************/
/*                                                                       */
/*                Centre for Speech Technology Research                  */
/*                     University of Edinburgh, UK                       */
/*                        Copyright (c) 1999                             */
/*                        All Rights Reserved.                           */
/*                                                                       */
/*  Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to use and distribute  */
/*  this software and its documentation without restriction, including   */
/*  without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,  */
/*  distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of this work, and to      */
/*  permit persons to whom this work is furnished to do so, subject to   */
/*  the following conditions:                                            */
/*   1. The code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of    */
/*      conditions and the following disclaimer.                         */
/*   2. Any modifications must be clearly marked as such.                */
/*   3. Original authors' names are not deleted.                         */
/*   4. The authors' names are not used to endorse or promote products   */
/*      derived from this software without specific prior written        */
/*      permission.                                                      */
/*                                                                       */
/*  THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH AND THE CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS WORK        */
/*  DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING      */
/*  ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT   */
/*  SHALL THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH NOR THE CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE     */
/*  FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES    */
/*  WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN   */
/*  AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,          */
/*  ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF       */
/*  THIS SOFTWARE.                                                       */
/*                                                                       */
/*************************************************************************/
/*             Author :  Alan W Black (awb@cstr.ed.ac.uk)                */
/*             Date   :  March 1999                                      */
/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*                                                                       */
/* Client end of Festival server API in C designed specifically for      */
/* Galaxy Communicator use though might be of use for other things       */
/*                                                                       */
/* This is a standalone C client, no other Festival or Speech Tools      */
/* libraries need be link with this.  Thus is very small.                */
/*                                                                       */
/* Compile with (plus socket libraries if required)                      */
/*    cc -o festival_client -DSTANDALONE festival_client.c               */
/*                                                                       */
/* Run as                                                                */
/*    festival_client -text "hello there" -o hello.snd                   */
/*                                                                       */
/*                                                                       */
/* This is provided as an example, it is quite limited in what it does   */
/* but is functional compiling without -DSTANDALONE gives you a simple   */
/* API                                                                   */
/*                                                                       */
/*************************************************************************/
/*                                                                       */
/* Heavily modified and Hacked together to provide a general purpose     */
/* interface for use in XASTIR by:                                       */
/*                                                                       */
/*    Ken Koster    N7IPB    03/24/2001                                  */
/*                                                                       */
/*                                                                       */      
/*  More comments added and 'do' loop that waited for 'ok' response      */
/*  removed.  Also cleaned up escape processing                          */
/*                                                                       */
/*                  N7IPB    04/04/2001                                  */
/*  Test for errno result from 'read' operation and re-opening of        */
/*  connection if it gets closed.                                        */
/*                  N7IPB    04/08/2001                                  */
/*                                                                       */
/*=======================================================================*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>


#include "xastir.h"
#include "festival.h"
#include "snprintf.h"


FT_Info *info = NULL;

static char last_speech_text[8000];
static time_t last_speech_time = (time_t)0;
static time_t festival_connect_attempt_time = (time_t)0;





// Set up default struct
//
void festival_default_info(void) {

    if (info == NULL) { // First time through

        // Malloc storage for the struct
        info = (FT_Info *)malloc(1 * sizeof(FT_Info));

        // Fill in the struct
        if (info != NULL) {
            info->server_host = FESTIVAL_DEFAULT_SERVER_HOST;
            info->server_port = FESTIVAL_DEFAULT_SERVER_PORT;
            info->text_mode = FESTIVAL_DEFAULT_TEXT_MODE;
            info->server_fd = -1;
        }
        else {  // Couldn't allocate memory
            fprintf(stderr,"festival_default_info: Couldn't malloc\n");
        }
    }

    return;
}





// Returns a FD to a remote server
//
static int festival_socket_open(const char *host, int port) {
    struct sockaddr_in serv_addr;
    struct hostent *serverhost;
    int fd;


    // Delay at least 60 seconds between each socket attempt
    if ( (festival_connect_attempt_time + 60) > sec_now() ) {
        //fprintf(stderr,"Not time yet\n");
        return(-1);
    }
    festival_connect_attempt_time = sec_now();

    if ((fd = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP)) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"festival_client: can't get socket\n");
        return(-1);
    }

    memset(&serv_addr, 0, sizeof(serv_addr));

    if ((int)(serv_addr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(host)) == -1) {
        /* its a name rather than an ipnum */
        serverhost = gethostbyname(host);
        if (serverhost == (struct hostent *)0) {
            fprintf(stderr,"festival_client: gethostbyname failed\n");
            return(-1);
        }
        memmove(&serv_addr.sin_addr,serverhost->h_addr, (size_t)serverhost->h_length);
    }
    serv_addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    serv_addr.sin_port = htons(port);

    if (connect(fd, (struct sockaddr *)&serv_addr, sizeof(serv_addr)) != 0) {
        fprintf(stderr,"festival_client: connect to server failed\n");
        return(-1);
    }
    return(fd);
}





/***********************************************************************/
/* Public Functions to this API                                        */
/***********************************************************************/



// Close socket to server
//
int festivalClose(void) {

    //fprintf(stderr,"festivalClose()\n");

    if (info != NULL) {    // We have a struct allocated

        // Check whether we have a socket open
        if (info->server_fd != -1) {
            fprintf(stderr,"Closing Festival socket\n");
            (void)close(info->server_fd);   // Close the socket
            info->server_fd = -1;   // Just to be safe
        }

        // Free the struct, zero the pointer.  The struct will get
        // re-created/re-initialized later when we re-open the
        // festival connection.
        free(info);
        info = NULL;
    }

    return(0);
}





// Open socket to server.  Close the connection if one is already
// open.
//
int festivalOpen(void) {


    //fprintf(stderr,"festivalOpen()\n");

    festival_default_info();

    // Check whether we have a record to work with
    if (info == NULL) {
        return(-1);
    }

    // Check whether we already have a socket open (or think we do)
    if (info->server_fd != -1) {    // We have a socket open
        (void)festivalClose();      // Close it, free struct
        usleep(50000);              // 50ms wait
    }

    info->server_fd = festival_socket_open(info->server_host, info->server_port);

    if (info->server_fd == -1) {    // Error occured opening socket
        //fprintf(stderr,"festivalOpen: Error opening socket\n");
        (void)festivalClose();      // Close, free struct
        usleep(50000);              // 50ms wait
        return(-1);
    }

    return(0);
}





void festivalStringToSpeech(char *text) {
    FILE *fd;
    char *p;
    char ack[4];
    int n;
    int tmp = 0;
    int ret;


    //fprintf(stderr,"festivalStringToSpeech()\n");

    // If we don't have a struct allocated
    if (info == 0) {
        if (festivalOpen() == -1) { // Allocate struct, open socket
            //fprintf(stderr,"festivalStringToSpeech: Couldn't open socket to Festival\n");
            return;
        }
    }

    if (info == 0) {    // If socket is still not open
        return;
    }

    if (info->server_fd == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr,"festival_client: server connection unopened\n");
        (void)festivalClose();
        return;
    }

    fd = fdopen(dup(info->server_fd),"wb");

    if (fd == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr,"Couldn't create duplicate socket\n");
        (void)festivalClose();
        return;
    }

    /*
    **  Send the mode commands to festival
    */
    ret = fprintf(fd,"(audio_mode `async)\n(SayText \"\n");

    if (ret == 0 || ret == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr,"Couldn't send mode commands to festival\n");
        (void)fclose(fd);
        (void)festivalClose();
        return;
    }

    /* 
    **  Copy text over to server, escaping any quotes 
    */ 
    for (p=text; p && (*p != '\0'); p++) {
        if ((*p == '"') || (*p == '\\')) {

            if (putc('\\',fd) == EOF) { // Error writing to socket
                fprintf(stderr,"Error writing to socket\n");
                (void)fclose(fd);
                (void)festivalClose();
                return;
            }
        }
        else {
            /* 
            ** Then convert any embedded '-' into the word 'dash'
            ** This could cause problems with spoken text from 
            ** Weather alerts or messages.  We'll deal with that 
            ** later if necessary.  Making this a separate function
            ** is probably the thing to do.
            */
            if (*p == '-' ) {

                ret = fprintf(fd,",dash,");

                if (ret == 0 || ret == -1) {
                    fprintf(stderr,"Error writing to socket\n");
                    (void)fclose(fd);
                    (void)festivalClose();
                    return;
                }
            }
            else {

                if (putc(*p,fd) == EOF) {   // Error writing to socket
                    fprintf(stderr,"Error writing to socket\n");
                    (void)fclose(fd);
                    (void)festivalClose();
                    return;
                }
            }
        }
    } 
    /*
    ** Complete the command to xastir, close the quotes and 
    ** set the mode to 'fundamental'
    */
    ret = fprintf(fd,"\" \"%s\")\n",info->text_mode);

    if (ret == 0 || ret == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr,"Error writing to socket\n");
        (void)fclose(fd);
        (void)festivalClose();
        return;
    }

    /*
    ** Close the duplicate port we used for writing
    */
    (void)fclose(fd);
    /*
    ** Read back info from server
    **
    ** We don't really care what we get back.  If it's an error
    ** We're just going to continue on anyway so I've removed the
    ** check here for the 'OK' response.  We still check for an ERror
    ** but we just print the fact we got it and continue on
    **
    ** This could probably use some work,  I need to study the 
    ** festival docs a bit more,  this could block and it could 
    ** also have more than 3bytes that need to be read.  It doesn't
    ** appear to matter but should be checked into. 
    */
    for (n=0; n < 3; ) {
        if ( ( tmp = read(info->server_fd,ack+n,3-n)) != -1 ) {
            n = n + tmp;
        }
        else {
            if (debug_level & 2) {
                fprintf(stderr,"Error reading festival ACK - %s\n",strerror(errno));
            }
            n = 3;
            if (errno == ECONNRESET) {

                fprintf(stderr,"Connection reset\n");
                info = 0;

                (void)festivalClose();

                if (festivalOpen() == -1) {
                    fprintf(stderr,"festivalStringToSpeech2: Couldn't open socket to Festival\n");
                    return;
                }
 
            } 
        }
    }
        
    /*
    ** Null terminate the string
    */
    ack[3] = '\0';
    if (strcmp(ack,"ER\n") == 0) {    /* server got an error */
        fprintf(stderr,"festival_client: server returned error\n");
    }
    return;
}





int SayText(char *text) {

    if (debug_level & 2)
        fprintf(stderr,"SayText: %s\n",text);

    // Check whether the last text was the same and it hasn't been
    // enough time between them (30 seconds).
    if ( (strcmp(last_speech_text,text) == 0) // Strings match
            && (last_speech_time + 30 > sec_now()) ) {

/*
    fprintf(stderr,
        "Same text, skipping speech: %d seconds, %s\n",
        (int)(sec_now() - last_speech_time),
        text);
*/

        return(1);
    }

    //fprintf(stderr,"Speaking: %s\n",text);

    xastir_snprintf(last_speech_text,
        sizeof(last_speech_text),
        "%s",
        text);
    last_speech_time = sec_now();

    festivalStringToSpeech(text);

    return(0);
}





int SayTextInit(void) {

    if (festivalOpen() == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr,"SayText: Couldn't open socket to Festival\n");
    }
 
    last_speech_text[0] = '\0';
    last_speech_time = (time_t)0;

    return(0);
}



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